Franz Kafka [a] 3 July — 3 June was a German-speaking Bohemian novelist and short-story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work fuses elements of realism and the fantastic. It has been interpreted as exploring themes of alienation , existential anxiety , guilt , and absurdity. The term Kafkaesque has entered the English language to describe situations like those found in his writing. Kafka was born into a middle-class German-speaking Jewish family in Prague , the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia , then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire , today the capital of the Czech Republic.
At age 15, he became the youngest member of the independent photo club Zerkalo Mirror. Influenced by the Russian avant-garde works of Kazimir Malevich , Alexander Rodchenko and the Dada art movement from the early 20th century , his series of collages , photomontages and images created by superposing several negatives, Nomenklatura of Signs first exhibited only in , in Leningrad is a commentary on the Communist regime as an oppressive system that converts citizens into mere signs. During and after the collapse of the Soviet Union in —, he produced several series of photographs about the human condition of ordinary people living on its territory and the suffering they endured then and throughout the twentieth century. To illustrate links between the present and the past, he created metaphors by introducing long exposure and intentional camera movement into street photography. Titarenko's best-known series from this period is City of Shadows which is also a title of his autobiographical novel ,  whose urban landscapes reiterate the Odessa Steps also known as the Primorsky or Potemkin Stairs scene from Sergei Eisenstein 's film The Battleship Potemkin. Along with Alexander Sokurov 's film Russian Ark , the City of Shadows exhibition which now included photographs from the mid and late s inspired by Dostoevsky's novels was a part of the program celebrating the th anniversary of St. Petersburg in History and Arts  The Russian Ark and the City of Shadows have one similarity: both are based on the experimental innovation: Alexander Sokurov using a single, very long — 96 minutes sequence shot and Titarenko's several minutes long exposure for some of his photographs.
Analyzing the Narrative Structure of Battleship Potemkin Essay
It was nominally a federal union of multiple national republics ; [h] in practice its government and economy were highly centralized until its final years. The country was a one-party state prior to governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union , with Moscow as its capital within its largest and most populous republic, the Russian SFSR. It was the largest country in the world, covering over 22,, square kilometres 8,, sq mi , and spanning eleven time zones.
Franz Kafka [a] 3 July — 3 June was a German-speaking Bohemian novelist and short-story writer, widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature. His work fuses elements of realism and the fantastic. It has been interpreted as exploring themes of alienation , existential anxiety , guilt , and absurdity.