A literature review summarizes and synthesizes the existing scholarly research on a particular topic. Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. However, unlike research papers, which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. As a student or academic, you might produce a literature review as a standalone paper or as a portion of a larger research project.
Tips on Literature Review Writing – Literature Review Examples
Literature Review Examples - A Guide to Writing
Last Updated: June 2, References Approved. To create this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times. Learn more Some people might think of a literature review as reading a book and then giving it a thumbs up or thumbs down.
Finding sources scholarly articles, research books, dissertations for your literature review is part of the research process, a process that is iterative--you go back and forth along the process as new information is gather and analyze until all necessary data is acquire and you are ready to write. The main steps in this research process are:. Planning : Before searching for articles or books, brainstorm to develop keywords that better describe your research question. Searching : While searching take note of what other keywords are used to describe your topic and use them to do more searches. This will help you later when you are ready to analyze your findings.
A literature review is an overview of the previously published works on a specific topic. The term can refer to a full scholarly paper or a section of a scholarly work such as a book, or an article. In other words, a literature review serves to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work. Producing a literature review is often a part of graduate and post-graduate student work, including in the preparation of a thesis , dissertation , or a journal article.