An abstract is a short summary of your published or unpublished research paper, usually about a paragraph c. A well-written abstract serves multiple purposes:. So what you include in your abstract and in your title are crucial for helping other researchers find your paper or article. If you are writing an abstract for a course paper, your professor may give you specific guidelines for what to include and how to organize your abstract. Similarly, academic journals often have specific requirements for abstracts. Abstracts contain most of the following kinds of information in brief form.
Published on February 28, by Shona McCombes. Revised on May 20, An abstract is a short summary of a longer work such as a dissertation or research paper. The abstract concisely reports the aims and outcomes of your research so that readers know exactly what the paper is about. There are four things you need to include:. In a dissertation or thesis , include the abstract on a separate page, after the title page and acknowledgements but before the table of contents. Table of contents Abstract example When to write an abstract Aims Methods Results Conclusion Keywords Tips for writing an abstract Frequently asked questions about abstracts.
An abstract is a brief summary of a research paper. Usually, an abstract is about sentences long approx. There are many purposes that an abstract may serve. First and foremost, it gives readers a glimpse of your paper. This gives your readers an opportunity to make a decision whether or not your study is worth their full attention.
If you are a student learning sociology , chances are you will be asked to write an abstract. Sometimes, your teacher or professor may ask you to write an abstract at the beginning of the research process to help you organize your ideas for the research. Other times, the organizers of a conference or editors of an academic journal or book will ask you to write one to serve as a summary of research you have completed and that you intend to share.