It is being conducted by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIEHS , part of the National Institutes of Health , and aims to recruit 55, of the , workers who volunteered or were employed to help clean up the spill. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was the world's largest accidental marine oil spill. According to the GuLF Study, the duration of the spill, the area affected, the proximity to local communities, and the number of people involved in the clean-up, were all greater than in any other spill that has been studied. It was the largest known application of such dispersants to date,  and the first use of dispersants at that depth.
The pipe was filled with cement and it also had two different valves to stop the flow of gas and oil. All of the valves did not operate correctly, causing the oil and gas to go up through the pipe and head towards the surface. The Deepwater Horizon oil rig that had been working on a well for BP in the Gulf exploded and went up in flames. Subsequently, massive amounts of oil spilled out into the water, threatening the marine life and those.
The Gulf War oil spill, or the Persian Gulf oil spill, was one of the largest oil spills in history, resulting from the Gulf War in Despite quite high initial estimates, the spill likely was about 4,, US barrels , m 3. An initial study in found that the spill will not have long-term environmental consequences, but many studies since have concluded the opposite, claiming that the spill is responsible for environmental damage to coastline sediments and marine species and ecosystems. The Gulf War oil spill was a direct result of the Gulf War that took place from Watkins, US military had already prepared for such a move, as Saddam Hussein had previously threatened to dump oil into the Persian Gulf.
This extra money the United States would receive from lack of imported oil would allow for more improvements. Initially many people, including myself, find it absurd that anyone would want the US to start drilling. However, after reading the article written by economists, Kotchen and Burger, they made good points. There are enough tensions already with the United States and the Middle East. While I agree that oil companies should feel responsible for oil pollution, I disagree that policy makers should not have a large say.