It has always been considered by scholars as such a complicated concept that hundreds of studies have been carried to dwell on the topics of culture defining. According to Alvesson , culture is used in different ways as collectively shared forms of ideas and cognition, as symbols and meanings. As values and ideologies, as rules and norms, as emotions and expressiveness, as behavior patterns, structures and practices, etc. Sullivan in his book "Understanding ways: Communicating between cultures" defined culture in a much simpler way as he suggested culture is the ways a person or a group of people concur to be. Emphasizing on the social sense of culture, Fernando stated that culture is all the things people have, think and do as a member of a society.
Steven Ott and Abdul M. They collectively determine the areas in which an organization can place claims on employees' energies, enthusiasms, and loyalties. As we all know, a manager can use legitimate authority to issue formal policies prohibiting or requiring specific acts, types of behavior, and compliance. However, we also know that few managers can use authority to mandate positive attitudes, creativity, or respect or to mandate risk taking on behalf of an agency or its clients. Organizational Culture usually refers to how people feel about the organization, their perception of management and the authority system, and the degree of employee involvement and commitment to attainment of organizational goals. Managers need to learn that where culture may matter most is in its impact on the strategy and structure pitted against employee behaviour.
An Organizational culture sums up a given set of meanings that are shared throughout the organization. The shared meanings are often different, constituting the fundamental factors that differentiate one organization from another. Some organizations have similar cultures but quite often, many differ. Organizational cultures also take a lot of time to build and develop. Equally, changing specific cultures in an organization takes the same effort and time; sometimes even more.