Explore Our Work. Work With Us. Apply Here. In partnership with host countries, donors, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector, the US Agency for International Development USAID supports developing countries in design, implementation and evaluation of water supply, sanitation, and hygiene WASH programs. Examples include support for ending open defecation, handwashing with soap, clean environments for infants and young children, WASH in Health Care Facilities, and drinking water service operation and maintenance models. Providing technical advice to ensure that country programs are consistent with current practice, international standards and recommendations.
The roles of water, sanitation and hygiene in reducing schistosomiasis: a review
System approaches to water, sanitation, and hygiene : a systematic literature review :: IRC
This review was done to explore the impact of water treatment, hygiene, and sanitary interventions on improving child health outcomes such as absenteeism, infections, knowledge, attitudes, and practices and adoption of point-of-use water treatment. A literature search was conducted using the databases PubMed and Google scholar for studies published between and and focusing on the effects of access to safe water, hand washing facilities, and hygiene education among school-age children. Studies included were those that documented the provision of water and sanitation in schools for children less than 18 years of age, interventions which assessed WASH practices, and English-language, full-text peer reviewed papers. Fifteen studies were included in the final analysis. The child's age, gender, grade level, socioeconomic index, access to hygiene and sanitary facilities, and prior knowledge of hygiene practices were significantly associated with the outcomes.
Water, sanitation and hygiene and indigenous peoples: A review of the literature
The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers. However, the sector lacks a systematic analysis and characterization of the knowledge base for systems approaches, in particular how and where they are being implemented and what outcomes have resulted from their application. To address this need, we conducted a wide-ranging systematic literature review of systems approaches for WASH across peer-reviewed, grey, and organizational literature.
The levels of sanitation and water services coverage, and health attainment, are low among indigenous peoples. This exclusion from basic service has not been sufficiently studied. This review has analyzed articles dealing with indigenous peoples and the water, sanitation and hygiene complex. The literature is dramatically skewed towards water resources, and overwhelmingly focused on conflicts, at the expense of basic sanitation and hygiene.