It is already widely acknowledged fact that the judicial, legislative, and executive branches of the government must check and balance each other. However, in certain cases, these branches of government is simply not enough to have a deeper look into what ordinary citizens are in need of. Non-state institutions must also participate in this vital system of checks and balances as well. NGOs are the ones who are working to contribute to the realization of human rights, to the full elimination and decrease of poverty, to protect the green environment and lastly, to achieve sustainable patterns of development. These issues, however, are complex and multilayered and since the beginning, NGOs across the world started to cooperate and communicate with each other to strengthen and improve their impact.
Organizations which are independent of government involvement  are known as non-governmental organizations or non-government organizations ,  with NGO as an acronym. NGOs are usually nonprofit organizations , and many of them are active in humanitarianism or the social sciences. Surveys indicate that NGOs have a high degree of public trust , which can make them a useful proxy for the concerns of society and stakeholders. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information.
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