The State of Nature According to Locke and HobbesSocial contract theorists find it useful to discuss the philosophical concept of the State of Nature not only to inform others about their understanding of what it means to be human, but also to justify the reasons for governments to be formed. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes — two prominent thinkers of the seventeenth century — have presented their differing understandings about the reasons for state establishment in the Two Treatises of Government and Leviathan respectively. Because both philosophers hold competing views about human nature, their reasons for state establishment, as proposed in their books, are also different. Whether Locke is correct in his understanding of the State of Nature is debatable.
Aristotle And Hobbes On Human Nature - Words | Help Me
Some of these famous men were Aristotle, Plato and T. Apart from just opinions, much research and several experiments were conducted to gain more knowledge on the topic and maybe even a definite answer. Since an uncivilized person is not groomed to know what is immoral, he naturally commits evil without any second thoughts. This supports the claim that humans are inherently evil.
Not important to Hobbes All People are competitive, full of fear, and full of pride. Business would not exist The purpose of government is to put truth in words. What is the basis of government? Social contract- agreement of citizens to abide by laws and rules government creates. Natural laws are terms of social contract: Seek Peace, give up something right to make own decisions , agree to keep promises, establish a rule maker called the sovereign, give him the power of enforcement Hobbes believes that the need for government is to protect us from our other fellow citizens.