Francis Bacon , 1st Viscount St Alban, KC 22 January — 9 April was an English philosopher , statesman , scientist , lawyer , jurist , author , and pioneer of the scientific method. Although his political career ended in disgrace, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. Bacon has been called the creator of empiricism. His works established and popularized inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method , or simply the Scientific Method. His demand for a planned procedure of investigating all things natural marked a new turn in the rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, much of which still surrounds conceptions of proper methodology today.
Essayes: Religious Meditations. Places of Perswasion and Disswasion. Seene and Allowed was the first published book by the philosopher , statesman and jurist Francis Bacon. The Essays are written in a wide range of styles, from the plain and unadorned to the epigrammatic. They cover topics drawn from both public and private life, and in each case the essays cover their topics systematically from a number of different angles, weighing one argument against another.
Bacon belongs to both the worlds of philosophy and literature. He projected a large philosophical work, the Instauratio Magna, but completed only two parts, The Advancement of Learning , later expanded in Latin as De Augmentis Scientiarum , and the Novum Organum Bacon's contribution to philosophy was his application of the inductive method of modern science.
Han var son till sir Nicholas Bacon och yngre bror till Anthony Bacon. Bacon uppfostrades i Cambridge , utbildade sig ytterligare genom resor i Frankrike — 79 och blev parlamentsledamot Bacon var redan i ungdomen mycket livlig. Han ligger begraven i St.