The petroleum industry , also known as the oil industry or the oil patch , includes the global processes of exploration , extraction , refining , transporting often by oil tankers and pipelines , and marketing of petroleum products. The largest volume products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline petrol. Petroleum is also the raw material for many chemical products , including pharmaceuticals , solvents , fertilizers , pesticides , synthetic fragrances, and plastics. The extreme monetary value of oil and its products has led to it being known as "black gold".
This reseaich was based on the impact of employee welfare on organizational performance of industries in Juba city and the case study was at Petroleum industry. The reseaichei was inteiested in this topic because the welfaie of employees in industues has not been put in to consideration which has made many if the organization in Juba not to performance to their maximum in providing social seivices to the people. The major methods used by the researcher to collect data included research design, sample selection, interviews, self administered questionnaires and these were basically categorized basing on the questions set by the researcher. However it is. SSA, R Research, SSA. Accessed 12 Jun.
The Paris Agreement is clear. We must limit the global temperature rise to well below 2C — striving for 1. For that to happen, global emissions need to peak and then rapidly fall to zero. Failing to do so will lead us into uncharted territory, with far-reaching consequences for our economy and societies around the world. Achieving this goal, however, will bring a multitude of benefits for both people and planet.
In order to ensure smooth and uninterrupted flow of oil and gas to the end users, it is imperative for the field operators, pipeline engineers, and designers to be corrosion conscious as the lines and their component fittings would undergo material degradations due to corrosion. This paper gives a comprehensive review of corrosion problems during oil and gas production and its mitigation. The chemistry of corrosion mechanism had been examined with the various types of corrosion and associated corroding agents in the oil and gas industry. Factors affecting each of the various forms of corrosion were also presented.