Deductive logic inductive reasoning scientific method of critical thinking
Deductive Reasoning vs. Inductive Reasoning | Live Science
In this example, if the premises are both true, then the conclusion is guaranteed to be true. What this means is that premise 1 and premise 2 are logically related such that if both are true, then the truth of the conclusion is required. But notice that this would make the first premise false. These are: modus ponens, modus tollens, and the hypothetical syllogism.
During the scientific process, deductive reasoning is used to reach a logical true conclusion. Another type of reasoning, inductive, is also used. Often, people confuse deductive reasoning with inductive reasoning, and vice versa.
If you're conducting research on a topic, you'll use various strategies and methods to gather information and come to a conclusion. So what's the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning, when should you use each method, and is one better than the other? We'll answer those questions and give you some examples of both types of reasoning in this article. When you're using inductive reasoning to conduct research, you're basing your conclusions off your observations. You gather information - from talking to people, reading old newspapers, observing people, animals, or objects in their natural habitat, and so on.