Introduction Before crime shows like CSI and the scientific advancements which ushered in modern forensics such as fingerprinting and DNA, eyewitnesses were often the only form of proof of a guilty person or act. Using eyewitnesses to identify a suspect as the perpetrator to the crime is a form of direct testimonial evidence that is used for forensic purposes. It is used to establish facts in a criminal investigation or prosecution. Often, it can be the strongest evidence in a criminal case even though it can also be the most unreliable. Historically, eyewitness testimony has been in use not only in the United States and our penal system but all around the world. Despite the frequency of use, we have been confronted as a country with many incredible failures of eyewitness testimony such as misidentifications that led to convictions and sentences of people who were later discovered innocent.
Eyewitness memory of a supermarket robbery: A case study of accuracy and confidence after 3 months
Eyewitness Memory and Aging Research: A Case Study in Everyday Memory | SpringerLink
By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated Her main focus has been on the influence of mis leading information in terms of both visual imagery and wording of questions in relation to eyewitness testimony. If someone is exposed to new information during the interval between witnessing the event and recalling it, this new information may have marked effects on what they recall.
Eyewitness Identification in Actual Criminal Cases: An Archival Analysis
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