He was born and raised in Rameswaram , Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President",  he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna , India's highest civilian honour. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong , Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July , aged His father Jainulabdeen Marakayar was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque;  his mother Ashiamma was a housewife.
This is a timeline of Indian history , comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in India and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of India. Bifacial handaxes and cleavers are typical assemblages recovered of this culture. Most of these tools were composed of the metamorphic rock quartzite.