Ralph Waldo Emerson May 25, — April 27, ,  who went by his middle name Waldo, was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, abolitionist and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the midth century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1, public lectures across the United States. Emerson gradually moved away from the religious and social beliefs of his contemporaries, formulating and expressing the philosophy of transcendentalism in his essay " Nature ". Emerson wrote most of his important essays as lectures first and then revised them for print. His first two collections of essays, Essays: First Series and Essays: Second Series , represent the core of his thinking. Emerson wrote on a number of subjects, never espousing fixed philosophical tenets , but developing certain ideas such as individuality , freedom , the ability for mankind to realize almost anything, and the relationship between the soul and the surrounding world.
Self Reliance and Other Essays Summary and Analysis of Circles
Transcendentalism And Ralph Waldo Emerson - Words | Cram
Emerson was born in Concord, Massachusetts. He graduated from the Harvard Medical School in , and practiced medicine in Concord until , when he received an inheritance and retired from his practice. He was also an accomplished equestrian. Emerson was superintendent of schools in Concord and on the board of health and the cemetery and library committees. Emerson married Annie Shepard Keyes of Concord in Four of their seven children lived to adulthood, and only one of their seven children survived them. Their children were:.
Ever since I was a boy, I have wished to write a discourse on Compensation: for it seemed to me when very young, that on this subject life was ahead of theology, and the people knew more than the preachers taught. When the act of reflection takes place in the mind, when we look at ourselves in the light of thought, we discover that our life is embosomed in beauty. Behind us, as we go, all things assume pleasing forms, as clouds do far off. Every promise of the soul has innumerable fulfilments; each ofnt.
Walt Whitman, who was born years ago this year, is almost certainly the greatest American poet. In many ways, he is also the most enigmatic. Before , the year that Whitman published Leaves of Grass , he had achieved no distinction whatsoever. He had no formal education—no Oxford, no Cambridge, no Harvard or Yale.