Metrics details. ZIKV is one of the rising pathogens promptly surpassing geographical borders. ZIKV infection was characterized by mild disease with fever, headache, rash, arthralgia and conjunctivitis, with exceptional reports of an association with Guillain—Barre syndrome GBS and microcephaly. However, since the end of , an increase in the number of GBS associated cases and an astonishing number of microcephaly in fetus and new-borns in Brazil have been related to ZIKV infection, raising serious worldwide public health concerns. ZIKV is transmitted by the bite of infected female mosquitoes of Aedes species. Clarifying such worrisome relationships is, thus, a current unavoidable goal.
A review on Zika virus outbreak, epidemiology, transmission and infection dynamics
Zika Virus: MedlinePlus
In early , a widespread epidemic of Zika fever , caused by the Zika virus in Brazil , spread to other parts of South and North America. It also affected several islands in the Pacific, and Southeast Asia. The virus is spread mainly by the Aedes aegypti mosquito , which is commonly found throughout the tropical and subtropical Americas. It can also be spread by the Aedes albopictus "Asian tiger" mosquito, which is distributed as far north as the Great Lakes region in North America. A number of countries were issued travel warnings , and the outbreak was expected to reduce tourism significantly. As early as August , physicians in Natal , in northeastern Brazil began to investigate an outbreak of illness characterized by a flat pinkish rash, bloodshot eyes, fever, joint pain and headaches.
Zika is a virus that is spread mostly by mosquitoes. A pregnant mother can pass it to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. It can spread through sexual contact.
Accurately tracking pregnant women with Zika virus infection and their fetuses and infants can help answer the many questions about Zika virus infection during pregnancy. CDC set up systems to understand the potential impact of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Information gathered from these systems can lead to recommendations, policies, and services to help prevent Zika and serve affected families.