Metrics details. Brown tumors are a rare focal manifestation of osteitis fibrosa cystica, which results from hyperparathyroidism. Chronic kidney failure may lead to secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism and thus to osteitis fibrosa cystica and brown tumors. A year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney failure presented with a day history of dyspnea, cough, malaise and fever. Initially, there was little correlation between his history and his physical examination. Various pulmonary, cardiac and infectious etiologies were ruled out.
Case Study on a Patient with Acute Renal Failure - Words | Bartleby
The effects that congestive heart failure CHF has on the cardiovascular system can cause serious consequences for the rest of the body. When blood flow is reduced to major organ systems, their functions can be altered. Specifically, when the kidneys experience hypoperfusion, it is more difficult to maintain internal environment fluid balance and to successfully filter waste products and toxins. Renal dysfunction is a common side effect of CHF and can lead to imbalances such as hyponatremia. In this case, the renal and cardiovascular systems greatly affect one another because of their correlation. In this case report, a year old woman presented with shortness of breath, fatigue, edema, and a patient history of coronary artery disease, creating a correlation between CHF and renal disease.
The case involves prioritization in a triage situation with other clients experienci ng acute onset of other diseases. The nurse must use critical thinking in triaging clients in order of highest pri ority to avoid or manage complications that could develop. The nurse must be knowledgeable about s ites of drug metabolism and must constantly monitor for unintended effects of prescribed drug s. Client Profile Ms.
Acute renal failure ARF has become increasingly common in patients with critical illnesses. Despite the prevalence of the disease and the need for evidence-based guidelines, over 57 different definitions exist for the critical condition. Early recognition of ARF has been instrumental in improving patient outcomes. Interdisciplinary collaboration is essential for prompt identification of risks and for completing accurate ongoing assessments. Treatment of ARF includes multiple pharmacological and non-pharmacological components such as mechanical ventilation, vasoactive intravenous medications, nutritional support, and dialysis.