Romanticism, Realism and Naturalism are some of the most eminent movements on literary and artistic fronts that have greatly helped in broadening the scope of topics covered by each of the aforementioned realms. Romanticism refers to the individualistic and idealized view of things; it does not always conform to societal demands and rules, and primarily focuses on the individual himself. Following the Romantic era, the 19 th century saw an emergence in a movement called Realism, which was characterized by realistic and factual depiction of events. It negated the idealistic ideology of the romanticists and instead, focused on baring all the facts down.
Europe was petrified that their citizens would revolt against their government too, and so all of Europe got involved in the revolution. The situation got even worse when the new government of France made the Decree of Fraternity, which stated that France would help any country who chose to revolt against their government. Each country fought the revolutionaries and some countries tried to rescue the royal family with no success. Each chapter has a theme in which he discusses stages of the Romantic era beginning the role of Jean-Jacques Rousseau as one of the pivotal figures in the turning point of the Age of Enlightenment to the Romantic Era in European intellectual society and concluding with the impact the movement had on more modern day historical movements.