A proponent of structural functionalism would say mass incarceration is meeting a social need. Durkheim suggests that crime and punishment serve a function in society like a social fact and that it helps maintain societies moral balance. Structural functionalist would believe in incarceration as a key element in maintaining an equilibrium in society. A proponent of conflict theory would see mass incarceration as another blatant example of class warfare. This essay will discuss the sociological imagination and social construction.
Examples Of Conformity, Deviance, And Crime In My Family
Compare and Contrast Two Sociological Theories to Crime and Deviance Free Essay Example
Three of the most widely used theoretical approaches used by sociologists are the functionalist, conflict, and interactionists perspectives. Functionalists highlight the contributions made by society that lead to social stability. Talcott Parsons, a key figure in the development of functionalist theory, viewed society as of a vast network of connected parts, each of which helps to maintain the system as a whole Schaefer Conflict theorists take the approach that social behavior is understood.
Crime and deviance are criminological concepts argued to be greatly impacted by practical issues such as gender and media exposure. Firstly, regarding gender; There have been numerous attempts to explain this idea and one way to see the main difference is by investigating official crime statistics. Many criminologists criticise the use of official crime statistics and have attempted to use self-report studies to test their validity. Graham and Bowling done this after studying 1, year olds and concluded that although males did commit more crime than females, this was only by twice as much rather than four times, as suggested by official crime statistics. However, both the use of official crime statistics and self-report studies in crime can be criticised in similar ways, mainly based on validity as both methods rely only on reported crimes.