JP is a 29 year-old female presenting to the Emergency Department with dyspnea, myalgia, and rhinorrhea. Her symptoms began approximately 1 day ago and are continuous, steadily getting worse. She is having significant nasal discharge but minimal cough. Her 4 year-old son has experienced rhinorrhea as well over the past 3 days, but is not as ill as she is. She has no significant past medical history, and takes no routine medications. She reports receiving the flu vaccine when her child first fell ill, 3 days ago.
Cough case study with questions and answers - Oxford Medical Education
The defective inflammatory response within the lungs is an immune response to long-term exposure to toxins such as cigarette smoke. The amplified immunity response can result to chronic bronchitis characterized by mucous hypersecretion, emphysema characterized by tissue destruction; and defective mechanisms that cause inflammation of the small airway as well as fibrosis bronchiolitis. These pathogenic mechanisms lead to the pathological changes present in COPD. The pathological changes then lead to the physiological abnormalities present in COPD such as abnormalities in gas exchange; airflow obstruction; mucous hypersecretion; pulmonary hypertension; systemic effects; hyperinflation; and ciliary dysfunction Newsome et al. The prevalence and incidence of COPD among black in America have remained lower when compared to white populations. COPD might be influenced by ethnic and racial factors.
Case Study: 33-Year-Old Female Presents with Chronic SOB and Cough
Written and peer-reviewed by physicians—but use at your own risk. Read our disclaimer. Anna Campbell, a year-old female ; , comes to the student health clinic because of a cough. It is really bothering me!
Case Study. John, a year-old Caucasian man, comes to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea, fever, cough, and increased purulent sputum production. He is accompanied by his sister, who says John has been experiencing shortness of breath, feeling fatigued and has not been thinking clearly. His sister states that John has had a cold for the past three days, which he tried to manage with Tylenol. According to past medical history, John has been a smoker for 30 years and has quit one year ago when he was diagnosed with stage II moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.